Benefits of exercise in diabetes
The incidence of diabetes has reached epidemic proportions across the globe. There are 2 forms of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin, type 2 diabetes however is also called adult onset in which the body produces insulin however the patient becomes unresponsive to its action as they develop insulin resistance. In the absence of insulin or its proper action, we are unable to metabolize the sugar in our foods as a result the blood sugar levels rise. While the only treatment medically for diabetes is to give insulin from outside, one can regulate their Diabetes by diet and exercise to a great extent as well.
Exercise helps in maintaining insulin sensitivity. If the patient keeps a check on their body weight and prevent excess weight gain, it also increases the utilization of glucose by the muscles, thus lowering the blood sugar. It has been proven that it is possible to prevent or check the onset of Type 2 diabetes by diet, regular exercise and weight management. These three things help in preventing the body to develop insulin resistance.
Diabetes is a complex disorder involving multiple organs. A diabetic patient is more than likely to be suffering from the metabolic syndrome that includes risk factors such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease risk, risk of infections, etc. The body even loses its ability to recover from injuries and infections and multi organ failures are common as well. Exercise or regular physical activity will also help in preventing further complications that a diabetic is prone to. Just regular exercise or a physically active lifestyle can significantly turn the odds in your favor.
Circulation problems are also seen in patients with diabetes and exercise can benefit in that aspect as well. It can lower the blood pressure and improve blood circulation in the body.
Like any medical condition, diabetes has its risks during exercise. Hypoglycemia or lowering of blood glucose levels can be a concern for a diabetic person post exercise. The easy fix to that problem is to constantly monitor your blood glucose levels, particularly before and after an exercise session. Ideally too, a diabetic person should keep a constant eye on their glucose levels in their blood since hypoglycemia has serious consequences including coma or death. Also, it is a good idea to wear a band around your wrist or wear a badge signifying that you are a diabetic. In this condition, a person can often be in life threatening situations within a flash of a second. In those times, it is really helpful if the people around you, both friends as well as strangers, are aware of your condition in order to get timely and adequate help. As a precaution, you should also carry your medicines and some drinks such as juice etc with you at all times in case you feel short of breath or shaky or feel like you are about to faint.
If done properly, exercise and an active lifestyle can be an important part of diabetes management regimen. Current medical and scientific knowledge suggests that it is highly advisable for a person with diabetes or a person with family history of diabetes, to adopt a strict exercise regimen in order to regulate this condition or prevent its onset at a later age. Diabetes is a life threatening and crippling condition, and exercise may be the easiest remedy to manage the same. It is worth all the extra effort and sweat, as it can potentially save your life and help you live a healthy one at the same time.