Terminology, Understanding Stress

Different Types of Stress

Stress – Explored further beyond

In today’s world wherein competition to reach the top is in its most magnified form, it is not very surprising that people of all ages are subjected to some form of stress at some point of time or the other. While a high school student might be stressed out with having to cope up with too many assignments, a business executive might be facing stressful situations while having to meet deadlines with presentations and so on. It therefore becomes evident that there are many types of stress related conditions and therefore, an equal number of stress management methods. All these methods are completely subjective to the types of situations that come across.

One such method is the basic instinctive “fight your way out”. This has been researched upon and found to be an instinctive process. The works in this area have proven that when under a shock or some form of threat, the body releases some kind of hormones that help it to survive the impact. These hormones further increase the heart rate and blood pressure, delivering more oxygen and blood sugar to power important muscles. They also increase sweating in an effort to cool these muscles, and help them stay efficient.

A second method, which is more intentional than intuitive, is the adaptation syndrome. This has been found to be a longer-term solution than the afore mentioned. Vast research in different situations have revealed that when subjected to stress, there are 3 phases of reactions – an alarm phase, the intuitive combat phase and finally followed by a burn-out or exhaustion phase. All the three stages are consecutive, with the later ones arising only when the earlier ones fail.

A third method is a psychological one, wherein the way a person thinks affects the amount of stress he undergoes. Towards encountering stress, each person usually follows a two-point stage: Firstly, they feel threatened and intimidated at the situation, and secondly, they begin to doubt their capabilities to combat the situation. In short, how stressed a person can be depends hugely on psychological aspects and how they understand the resources that beat them.

Quite obviously, all the three methods mentioned above are related and a matter of consequence. Leading by an example, if the psychological stress mentioned is sustained beyond a point for a long time, it eventually leads to exhaustion or burn out. So, the food for thought at this stage is in figuring out if being stressed is a matter completely in the mindset! And remember, if you don’t want to be stressed with too much thinking, you already know the answer!

There are four main types of stress that people experience.

Eustress

This stress is positive in nature, its a short term stress that gives us with immediate strength, like an
athlete before a competition. This kind of stress arises with increased physical activity or with increased
creativity. Its generally associated with arising when the person requires motivation or inspiration.

Distress

This is a negative type of stress and is bought by a change in routine. This type of stress generally creates
feelings of unfamiliarity or in some cases discomfort. These are of two types, acute and chronic. Acute as the
name suggests lasts for a very short time period, whereas chronic lasts for weeks or months.

Hyperstress

When someone is pushed beyond what that person can handle, it gives rise to hyperstress. This generally is
common in overworked people. People under hyperstress trigger to any situation very emotionally.

Hypostress

This is the exact opposite of the previous kind, this generally happens when the person is bored or has no work.
This may also occur in people who aren’t challenged on a daily basis. For example a worker who does a repeated sort of job might get disinterested and may experience Hypostress.


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