Terminology, Understanding Stress

Models of Stress

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Productive and effective management of stress includes a set of ideal techniques and methods that enable an individual to cope up with the demands of his or her surroundings. These could be external or internal, physical or emotional, and even psychological triggers. Because stress is a product of a close interaction and balance between one’s ability to acclimate to a susceptible condition, it demands the testing of such skills each of the individuals’ possesses.

The effective management of stress, can be better understood in the terms of the following models:

The Transactional Model:
Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman have put forward their theory of stress as being seen to results from an imbalance between demands and the resources an individual possesses. Stress could present itself as a reaction when one’s ability to cope with a onerous condition is overpowered by a pressure situation. In other words, stress should rather be considered as a phenomenon that inculcates due to certain shortcomings or an insufficiency of one’s resources and not just a direct reaction to a stressor.
Developed on these lines is the principle of stress management which includes identifying the factors that are specific to a person and focused on controlling his/her stress features and symptoms along with the methods that could be used to target them in a personalized manner.

Lazarus and Folkman thus devised their stress model based on the interactions of people and their environment and the management techniques that are more specifically targeted to such pertaining factors. Effective techniques for managing stress according to their model, implies that an individual can escape stress if he is capable and certain of his abilities to deal a situation. However, ideally such a pressure could in turn become a potential stressor.

Which brings us to our 2nd model, which is the Health Realization Model.
This model, which is also referred to as an innate health model, is based on a strong assumption that stress may not be necessarily associated with a potential stressor. Instead, this model emphasizes on a person’s thinking process which determines the response to any external stimuli. So as opposed to concentrating on an individual’s cognizance of stress, relative to his or her coping abilities, the health realization model suggests that the nature of thought is the crucial player in exacting a person’s stress levels.

According to this model, stress can be considered as a by-product of an individual’s assessment of oneself through mental state in accordance with vulnerability along with a negative approach. The model states that a healthy mind at peace, is a result of inner self and prudence.

This model which is rather more widely accepted, puts forward the proposition that helping an individual understand the significance of positive thinking could enable them to be equipped in handling a pressure situation in a better way.


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