Quick Overview on Birth Control Methods
Modern contraceptive methods are now available for sexually active people. This is to protect against diseases as well as to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Some young people, with the consent of parents and medical doctors, are now using these contraceptives. The use of contraceptives is justified for responsible family planning and parenthood purposes.
Nowadays both men and women can use the same birth control alternatives. While some of the contraceptive methods can be reversed, other kinds of contraceptives cannot. It can come in a wide variety of birth control methods such as using hormones, the barrier style, and withdrawal. Some opt for sterilization and the natural method.
When looking at the various kinds of birth control, you have to consider what type of contraceptive is suitable for you. Usually most of the methods are very effective against pregnancy but is ineffective against sexually transmitted diseases. Consider the contraceptive method that provides the rates of failure and capacity to avert any severe sexually transmitted disorders.
Here are the kinds of birth control methods:
1. Hormonal – is a method that is given to the patient in the form of implant, a ring, or a patch. Usually, a hormone known either as progesterone or estrogen are incorporated into these, which prevents the pregnancy. These birth control methods include Pills (daily intake is required based on the gynecologist’s prescription), Lunelle and Depo-Provera (an injectable administered by a doctor), and Birth control patch (applied directly on the skin of women so the hormones are released). The duration of effectivity of these hormonal methods vary. For instance, lunelle and depo-provera lasts for a month or two while the patch can only last for four weeks.
2. Barrier – this refers to male and female condoms as well as the cervical cap. A male condom is the most popular kind of barrier method. It is usually made up of latex rubber. Before sexual intercourse, the condom is inserted onto an erect penis.
A female condom, on the other hand, is made up of a 6- to 7-inch extended polyurethane pouch with two rings that can be stretched. It can be used to cover the vaginal canal and the cervix of the woman. Finally, a cervical cap is made up of plastic or latex rubber. A spermicidal jelly or cream is poured into a small cup, which is inserted and set over the cervix.
3. Withdrawal – refers to the method where the man takes out the erect penis from the vagina before ejaculating. It is not a very effective form of contraception.
4. Sterilization – this happens when the fallopian tubes are surgically closed for women. For men, the procedure is referred to as vasectomy, which enables the closing of tubes, which transports the sperm through surgical means.